Dark Queen

Dark Queen Ukrainian magic forum


Who is online?
In total there is 0 user online :: 0 Registered, 0 Hidden and 0 Guests :: 1 Bot

None

[ View the whole list ]


Most users ever online was 37 on Sun 26 Nov 2017 - 16:16
Latest topics
» Hours for magical operations in accordance with the Moon for the period from June 25th to July 1st, 2018 from Katrina.
Sat 30 Jun 2018 - 14:42 by Lucia

» III.The Empress (The Black Tarot).
Tue 26 Jun 2018 - 16:25 by Katrina

» II. The Priestess(The Black Tarot).
Tue 26 Jun 2018 - 16:06 by Katrina

» Hours for magical operations in accordance with the Moon for the period from June 22nd to June 24th, 2018 from Katrina.
Sat 23 Jun 2018 - 18:19 by Lucia

» I.The Magician (The Black Tarot).
Fri 22 Jun 2018 - 13:14 by Katrina

» 0.The Fool (The Black Tarot).
Fri 22 Jun 2018 - 13:05 by Katrina

» Healing stones
Sun 10 Jun 2018 - 21:39 by Lucia

» Attracting the attention of your partner
Wed 23 May 2018 - 14:27 by Lucia

» Incense for rituals to attract money
Mon 7 May 2018 - 13:56 by Lucia

» Tarot card health associations
Wed 2 May 2018 - 20:23 by Lucia

» The Tarot spread "Wolf's Eye"
Thu 12 Apr 2018 - 18:43 by Lucia

»  Lunar magical calendar of the Witch from 02.04. to 08.04. 2018.
Wed 4 Apr 2018 - 4:56 by Katrina

» How to develop intuition
Tue 3 Apr 2018 - 13:15 by Lucia

» Smudging
Fri 30 Mar 2018 - 16:58 by Lucia

» Potions.
Mon 26 Mar 2018 - 13:47 by Katrina

» Lunar magical calendar of the Witch from 26.03. to 01.04. 2018.
Mon 26 Mar 2018 - 13:06 by Katrina

» Flying Potion and Flying ointments.
Sun 25 Mar 2018 - 7:15 by Katrina

» Blue Moon in 2018 year.
Tue 20 Mar 2018 - 9:38 by Kassandra

» Super Moon in 2018 year.
Tue 20 Mar 2018 - 9:17 by Kassandra

» Lunar magical calendar of the Witch from 20.03. to 25.03. 2018.
Tue 20 Mar 2018 - 8:44 by Kassandra

» Witnesses, life experiences, stories... Madame de Montespan – the ally of the Devil
Mon 12 Mar 2018 - 11:24 by Lucia

» For nailing (Spell).
Tue 27 Feb 2018 - 2:52 by Katrina

» Cats Magic as familiars & totems.
Thu 15 Feb 2018 - 0:08 by Kassandra

» Cat Familiar.
Wed 14 Feb 2018 - 23:20 by Kassandra

» The Cait Sith Good Luck Charm.
Wed 14 Feb 2018 - 23:11 by Kassandra

» The Northern Lights Fairy Spell.
Wed 14 Feb 2018 - 23:04 by Kassandra

» The Cat Spell Oracle.
Wed 14 Feb 2018 - 23:01 by Kassandra

» The Mirror, the Cat, and the Moon Love Spell.
Wed 14 Feb 2018 - 22:58 by Kassandra

» Spell for Healing a Pet.
Wed 14 Feb 2018 - 22:56 by Kassandra

» Rite for a Departed Pet.
Wed 14 Feb 2018 - 22:53 by Kassandra

» Magick Cat Collar.
Wed 14 Feb 2018 - 22:50 by Kassandra

» Spell To Become Closer To Your Cat.
Wed 14 Feb 2018 - 22:47 by Kassandra

» Essential oils for balancing the chakras
Wed 14 Feb 2018 - 22:22 by Lucia

» Why do Witches have Cauldrons?
Wed 14 Feb 2018 - 6:39 by Katrina

» What is a Scrying-glass?
Wed 14 Feb 2018 - 6:24 by Katrina

» What is a Witches Mirror?
Wed 14 Feb 2018 - 6:11 by Katrina

» Supplies for Herbal Magick.
Mon 12 Feb 2018 - 15:03 by Kassandra

» Herbs and Astrology.
Mon 12 Feb 2018 - 15:01 by Kassandra

» The History of Herbal Magick.
Mon 12 Feb 2018 - 14:58 by Kassandra

» Herbs.
Mon 12 Feb 2018 - 14:52 by Kassandra

» A Spiritual Bath to Remove Negative Vibrations.
Mon 12 Feb 2018 - 14:37 by Kassandra

» Psychometry.
Mon 12 Feb 2018 - 14:31 by Kassandra

» How to Empower Bind Runes.
Mon 12 Feb 2018 - 14:22 by Kassandra

» MODERN WITCHCRAFT, PT. 5.
Fri 9 Feb 2018 - 5:47 by Katrina

» MODERN WITCHCRAFT, PT. 4.
Fri 9 Feb 2018 - 5:43 by Katrina

» MODERN WITCHCRAFT, PT. 3.
Fri 9 Feb 2018 - 5:37 by Katrina

» MODERN WITCHCRAFT, PT. 2.
Fri 9 Feb 2018 - 5:29 by Katrina

» MODERN WITCHCRAFT, PT. 1.
Fri 9 Feb 2018 - 5:24 by Katrina

» Why Do Witches Ride Brooms?
Fri 9 Feb 2018 - 5:14 by Katrina

» Uncover the truth behind Scotland's infamous witch trials.
Fri 9 Feb 2018 - 4:57 by Katrina

» A spell to ask for whatever you want
Wed 7 Feb 2018 - 22:53 by Lucia

» Ritual to attract love
Sun 4 Feb 2018 - 13:16 by Lucia

» Full Moon Love Spell.
Wed 31 Jan 2018 - 20:36 by Katrina

» Predictions for Pisces.
Wed 31 Jan 2018 - 20:31 by Katrina

» Predictions for Aquarius.
Wed 31 Jan 2018 - 20:29 by Katrina

» Predictions for Capricorn.
Wed 31 Jan 2018 - 20:27 by Katrina

» Predictions for Sagittarius.
Wed 31 Jan 2018 - 20:24 by Katrina

» Predictions for Scorpio.
Wed 31 Jan 2018 - 20:23 by Katrina

» Predictions for Libra.
Wed 31 Jan 2018 - 20:21 by Katrina

» Predictions for Virgo.
Wed 31 Jan 2018 - 20:19 by Katrina

» Predictions for Leo.
Wed 31 Jan 2018 - 20:17 by Katrina

» Predictions for Cancer.
Wed 31 Jan 2018 - 20:08 by Katrina

» Predictions for Gemini.
Wed 31 Jan 2018 - 20:05 by Katrina

» Predictions for Taurus.
Wed 31 Jan 2018 - 20:04 by Katrina

» Predictions for Aries.
Wed 31 Jan 2018 - 20:03 by Katrina

» Full Moon and Lunar Eclipse in Leo – January 31.
Wed 31 Jan 2018 - 20:01 by Katrina

»  Spoiling.
Wed 24 Jan 2018 - 8:13 by Katrina

» Glamour spell.
Wed 24 Jan 2018 - 7:26 by Katrina

» Reinforcing of a personal space.
Wed 24 Jan 2018 - 7:05 by Katrina

» Good health wishing spell.
Wed 24 Jan 2018 - 6:43 by Katrina

» Healing the body.
Wed 24 Jan 2018 - 6:27 by Katrina

» The Mirror Fascination.
Tue 23 Jan 2018 - 23:37 by Katrina

» The Bread Sacrifice.
Tue 23 Jan 2018 - 23:33 by Katrina

» The Love Pie.
Tue 23 Jan 2018 - 23:29 by Katrina

» The Love Hook.
Tue 23 Jan 2018 - 23:25 by Katrina

» The Fiery Charms.
Tue 23 Jan 2018 - 23:21 by Katrina

» The Charmed Heart.
Tue 23 Jan 2018 - 23:08 by Katrina

» Candle Magic.
Tue 23 Jan 2018 - 22:58 by Katrina

» The Time of Magic.
Tue 23 Jan 2018 - 22:39 by Katrina

» Past, Present, Future Tarot Spread
Wed 17 Jan 2018 - 23:04 by Lucia

» The influence of color on human energy
Thu 11 Jan 2018 - 20:22 by Lucia

» Protection Amulet
Thu 11 Jan 2018 - 20:19 by Lucia

» Spell to gain money
Tue 19 Dec 2017 - 20:08 by Lucia

» Love spell
Tue 19 Dec 2017 - 18:24 by Lucia

» Rules of love spells.
Tue 28 Nov 2017 - 22:59 by Alexandros

» THE BASIC RULES OF LOVE SPELLS.
Tue 28 Nov 2017 - 22:23 by Alexandros

» Diagnosis of magical negative energy in a relationship.
Tue 28 Nov 2017 - 22:14 by Alexandros

» Sexy love spell.
Tue 28 Nov 2017 - 22:01 by Alexandros

» Sexual binding.
Tue 28 Nov 2017 - 21:24 by Alexandros

» How to get rid of loneliness.
Tue 28 Nov 2017 - 21:18 by Alexandros

Our forum in Russian

BANAFRIT AruNa Ereshkigal Bella donnaОбитель Чёрной Королевы



La Lune

You are not connected. Please login or register

Why Do Witches Ride Brooms?

View previous topic View next topic Go down  Message [Page 1 of 1]

1 Why Do Witches Ride Brooms? on Fri 9 Feb 2018 - 5:14

Katrina

avatar
ADMIN,Witch of the Forum
 ADMIN,Witch of the Forum
Why Do Witches Ride Brooms?

BY MATT SONIAK.




The popular image of a witch, which you can see everywhere right now in the form of Halloween costumes and decorations, is a woman with a pointy hat and warty nose stirring a cauldron or flying on a broom. How did that odd choice of transportation get tied to witches and locked into our collective imagination?

One proposed explanation has its roots in a pagan ritual where people danced astride poles, pitchforks, and brooms in their fields, jumping as high as they could to entice their crops to grow to that height. “Anyone observing the leaping broomstick dance of witches at the full moon,” says anthropologist Robin Skelton, “could be expected to think of flying.”

Another explanation is that the broomsticks and the potions that witches brewed in their cauldrons are linked, and the former was a tool for delivering the latter.

During the witch panics of the Middle Ages, authorities confiscated various brews, ointments, and salves from people accused of witchcraft and sorcery. In the early 1500s, physician Andres Laguna described one such substance that was taken from the home of an accused witch as “a pot full of [a] certain green ointment ... composed of soporific herbs such as hemlock, nightshade, henbane, and mandrake.”

The local constable was a friend of Laguna’s, so the doctor was able to obtain some of the ointment to experiment with. His first test subject was the executioner’s wife, whom he anointed “head to foot” with the green stuff.

“No sooner did I anoint her than she opened her eyes wide like a rabbit, and soon they looked like those of a cooked hare when she fell into such a profound sleep that I thought I should never be able to awake her,” Laguna wrote. “However ... after the lapse of thirty-six hours, I restored her to her senses and sanity.”

When the woman was conscious again, she asked Laguna, “Why did you awaken me, badness to you, at such an inauspicious moment? Why I was surrounded by all the delights in the world.” She then turned to her husband and claimed that she had cuckolded him and taken a “younger and lustier lover.”

Laguna wrote that even long after her dream, the executioner’s wife “stuck to many of her crazy notions.”

“From all this we may infer that all that those wretched witches do and say is caused by potions and ointments which so corrupt their memory and imagination that they create their own woes, for they firmly believe when awake all that they had dreamed when asleep,” he said.

Another 16th century physician, Giovanni Della Porta, described a similar case where he witnessed a suspected witch apply one of her ointments. She also fell into a “most sound and heavy sleep,” and when she awoke “began to speak many vain and doting words, affirming that she had passed over both seas and mountains.”

He reached a similar conclusion as Laguna: These potions were the source of the bizarre things that witches claimed to experience and partake in. After applying their ointments, Della Porta wrote, these women “seem to be carried in the air, to feasting, singing, dancing, kissing, culling, and other acts of venery, with such youths as they love and desire most: for the force of their imagination is so vehement, that almost all that part of the brain, wherein the memory consists, is full of such concepts.”

In the centuries since, scientists have confirmed the two doctors’ suspicions. There was no black magic at work in witches’ brews, just chemistry, and "the events of the Sabbat … were an imaginative fiction exacerbated by malnutrition and by the use of hallucinogenic concoctions.”

Many of the botanical ingredients included in witches' potions, says pharmacologist David Kroll, including nightshade, henbane, mandrake and jimsonweed, contain hallucinogenic chemicals called tropane alkaloids. These chemicals can cause vivid dreams and the sensation of flight, not unlike those reported by Della Porta’s witch and others accused of witchcraft. In his own experiments with henbane, toxicologist Gustav Schenk reported feeling “an intoxicating sensation of flying ... I soared where my hallucinations—the clouds, the lowering sky, herds of beasts, falling leaves which were quite unlike any ordinary leaves, billowing streamers of steam and rivers of molten metal—were swirling along.”

Clearly these chemicals are potent, but they can also be dangerous. Ingesting them by drinking a witch’s brew could lead to side effects ranging from mere intestinal discomfort to death. Jimsonweed poisoning, for example, sometimes left its victims “hot as a hare, blind as a bat, dry as a bone, red as a beet and mad as a wet hen.”

To get around the risks of taking these potions orally, somewhere some clever witch figured out an alternate way for getting them inside the body: a staff, stick or a tool they already had around the house—the broom.

The hallucinogens in the brews, it turns out, can be absorbed through the skin without any of the unpleasant side affects. Some of the best places for absorption are the sweat glands in the armpits and the mucus membranes around the rectum and female genitalia. To apply the potions to these places, witches would slather them on their brooms and “ride” them to their witchy gatherings.

Antoine Rose, accused of witchcraft in France, confessed as much to the authorities. She claimed that the Devil had given her a stick and a pot of ointment, and that to apply it, she would “smear the ointment on the stick, put it between her legs and say ‘Go, in the name of the Devil, go!’”

Other confessions and investigations turned up the same technique. In the 1300s, authorities searching the home of suspected witch Alice Kyteler “found a pipe of ointment wherewith she greased a staffe, upon which she ambled and galloped through thick and thin.” A century later, theologian Jordanes de Bergamo noted that “the witches confess that on certain days or nights they anoint a staff and ride on it to the appointed place or anoint themselves under the arms and in other hairy places.”

In some cases, the accused specifically mentioned a broomstick as their tool of choice. In 1453, Guillaume Edelin, accused of witchcraft in France, admitted to flying on a broomstick, and later a man confessed to seeing his “aged mother straddle a broomstick and whisk up the chimney and out of the house.”

So folks were using brooms covered with hallucinogenic concoctions to produce vivid dreams that involved traveling through the air and partaking in wild sex and other rites. Add some rumor and fear mongering and twist it around a little bit, and it’s easy to see how people got the idea that witches were literally flying on their broomsticks, aided by magic ointments, to their black masses.

To be fair, we have to take some of this with a grain of salt, given where the information is originally coming from. On the one hand, you have the church and government authorities and their citizen observers, who were often motivated by paranoia and social pressure to find and root witches out. As anthropologist Homayun Sidky notes, some historians dismiss the involvement of drugs in the practices of witches and argue that any witches’ potions, magic or not, were made up by the authorities to paint the targets of their persecution as more sinister. And on the other hand, you have the accused witches, who often gave their testimony and confessions under duress or torture. Still, it’s an interesting idea, and makes you look at the typical witch costume in a different light.

a source: mentalfloss.com

View user profile

View previous topic View next topic Back to top  Message [Page 1 of 1]

Permissions in this forum:
You cannot reply to topics in this forum